July 31, 2017 to August 4, 2017
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
US/Central timezone

Pion Polarizability at CERN COMPASS

Jul 31, 2017, 2:56 PM
19m
Curia II (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)

Curia II

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Presentation QCD QCD

Speaker

Prof. Murray Moinester (Tel Aviv University)

Description

The pion polarizability is of fundamental interest in the low-energy sector of quantum chromodynamics. It is directly linked to the quark-gluon substructure and dynamics of the pion, the lightest bound system of the strong interaction. COMPASS measured the electromagnetic polarizability of the charged pion, which describes the stiffness of the pion against deformation in strong electromagnetic fields. Previous low statistics experiments in Serpukhov (Russia), where the Primakoff method for realizing interactions of charged pions with quasi-real photons was first employed. Later, other measurements based on photon-nucleon and photon-photon collisions were also carried out at different laboratories. The COMPASS measurement demonstrates that the charged-pion polarizability is significantly smaller than previous results, roughly by a factor two, with the smallest uncertainties realized so far. The results are consistent with chiral perturbation theory predictions, and strength the identification of the pion with the Goldstone boson of the strong interaction. Strong interaction theory makes a precise prediction on the polarisability of pions – the degree to which their shape can be stretched. This polarizability has baffled scientists since the 1980s, when the first measurements appeared to be at odds with the theory. Today’s result is in close agreement with theory. The electric απ and magnetic βπ charged pion Compton polarizabilities provide stringent tests of Chiral Perturbation Theory. The combination (απ-βπ) was measured at CERN COMPASS via radiative pion Primakoff scattering (Bremsstrahlung of 190 GeV/c π-s) in the nuclear Coulomb field: π + Z → π + γ + Z. This reaction is identified experimentally by virtue of the very small momentum transfer to the target nucleus; and is equivalent to γ + π → γ + π Compton scattering for laboratory γ's of order 1 GeV/c incident on a target pion at rest. COMPASS data analysis (assuming απ+βπ=0 based on theory) gives a value απ = -βπ = 2.0 ± 0.6(stat) ± 0.7(syst) × 10-4 fm3. This is the most precise measurement of this fundamental low-energy parameter of strong interaction that has been addressed since long by various methods with conflicting outcomes.This new measurement strengthens the identification of the pion with the Goldstone boson of strong interactions.

Primary author

Prof. Murray Moinester (Tel Aviv University)

Presentation materials