2018 US LHC Users Association Meeting

chaired by Harvey Newman (Caltech), Corrinne Mills, Verena Martinez Outschoorn (Fermilab), Anthony Timmins (University of Houston)
from to (US/Central)
at Fermilab ( IARC )
Pine St and Kirk Rd Batavia, Illinois

Fermilab has kindly agreed to host our 2018 Annual US LHC Users Association Meeting Wednesday - Friday October 24-26, 2018.

There will be an arrival reception and Executive Committee meeting in the late afternoon and early evening of Wednesday October 24 in Wilson Hall, followed by the main sessions on Thursday and Friday in the main auditorium of IARC (http://saturdaymorningphysics.fnal.gov/location-of-iarc/).

Go to day
  • Wednesday, October 24, 2018
    • 16:00 - 17:30 Executive Committee Meeting
      Convener: Harvey Newman (Caltech)
      Location: West Wing, Wilson Hall 10NE
    • 17:30 - 19:00 Welcome Reception ( Wilson Hall, atrium )
  • Thursday, October 25, 2018
    • 09:00 - 09:10 Welcome to Fermilab 10'
      Speaker: Nigel Lockyer (Fermilab)
    • 09:10 - 09:30 Codes of conduct and Fermilab access 20'
      Speaker: Kevin Burkett (Fermilab)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 09:30 - 09:55 US-LUA Chair's report 25'
      Including committee reports
      Speakers: Harvey Newman (Caltech), Prof. Sheldon Stone (Syracuse University)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 10:00 - 10:25 Status and outlook for the LHC 25'
      Speaker: Rende Steerenberg (CERN)
      Material: Slides powerpoint file
    • 10:30 - 11:00 Coffee Break
    • 11:00 - 11:25 LHCb Status and Outlook 25'
      Speakers: Dr. marina artuso (syracuse university), Prof. marina artuso (syracuse university)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 11:30 - 11:55 CMS Status and Outlook 25'
      Speakers: Meenakshi Narain (Brown University), Meenakshi Narain
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 12:00 - 12:25 US LHC accelerator program 25'
      Speakers: Giorgio Ambrosio (FNAL TD/MSD), GianLuca Sabbi (LBNL)
      Material: Slides powerpoint file
    • 12:30 - 12:40 Group Photo
    • 12:40 - 13:30 Lunch
    • 13:30 - 13:55 Energy Frontier Colliders and the Snowmass Process 25'
      Speakers: Prof. Young-Kee Kim Kim (The University of Chicago), Young-Kee Kim (FNAL)
      Material: Slides powerpoint file
    • 14:00 - 14:25 ALICE Status and Outlook 25'
      Speaker: Prof. Claude Pruneau (Wayne State University)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 14:30 - 15:30 Cross-experiment discussion: breakout sessions
      Conveners: Corrinne Mills, Harvey Newman (Caltech)
      • 14:30 Advocacy 1h0' ( Sunrise (11E) )
        Speakers: Dr. Yangyang Cheng (Cornell University), Yangyang Cheng (Cornell University), Mr. Salvatore Rappoccio (Buffalo)
      • 14:30 Outreach 1h0' ( Conjectorium (3NE) )
        Speakers: Mr. Jahred Adelman (Yale), Kathryn Jepsen (Symmetry Magazine)
      • 14:30 Calorimeters 1h0' ( Black Hole (2NW) )
        Speakers: David Miller (University of Chicago), James Hirschauer (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory)
      • 14:30 Future colliders 1h0' ( Hornet's Nest (8XO) )
        Speakers: Dr. Ron Lipton (Fermilab), Dr. Anadi Canepa (Fermilab), Dr. Anadi Canepa (TRIUMF)
    • 15:30 - 16:00 Afternoon Break
    • 16:15 - 17:25 Young Physicists' Lightning Round Session 1
      • 16:15 Measurement of the Shape of the Lambda_b -> Lambda_c mu nu Differential Decay Rate 10'
        A measurement of the shape of the differential decay rate and associ- ated Isgur-Wise function for the decay Λ0b → Λc + μ−ν has been performed using data corresponding to 3fb−1 collected with the LHCb detector using proton-proton collisions. The Λ+c μ−ν final states are reconstructed by the detection of a muon and a Λ+c baryon decaying to pK−π+, and the decay Λ0b → Λ+c π+π−μ−ν is used to determine contributions from Λ0b → Λc ∗+ μ−ν decays. The measured dependence of the differential decay rate upon the squared four-momentum transfer between the heavy baryons, q2, is compared with expectations from heavy-quark effective theory and from unquenched lattice QCD predictions.
        Speaker: Scott Edward Ely (Syracuse University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 16:25 Direct photon production at LHCb 10'
        At small Bjorken-x, the large gluon number density in the nucleon leads to gluon recombination competing with gluon splitting, which could result in saturation of the gluon PDF. This gluon saturation has yet to be conclusively observed. Direct photon production provides sensitivity to gluon densities in protons and nuclei, and the forward acceptance of LHCb detector allows for measurements of this process at low Bjorken-$x$, providing an ideal probe of saturation effects. Progress towards the measurement of forward direct photon production using the LHCb detector will be presented.
        Speaker: Thomas Julian Boettcher (MIT)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 16:35 Jet fragmentation and charged particle angular distribution within and around jets in Pb+Pb collisions with ATLAS 10'
        The latest measurements of the jet fragmentation and the angular distributions of charged particles within and around jets, as performed with the ATLAS detector in Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC a. Jets are direct probes of the QCD medium created in these collisions, and studying jet fragmentation provides insight into the strength and mechanism of jet quenching. Fragmentation functions in Pb+Pb collisions and distributions of the transverse momentum of charged particles are compared to the same quantities measured in pp collisions at the same collision energy. Measurements are presented as a function of jet transverse momentum and jet rapidity at √sNN = 5.02 TeV. The charged-particle angular distributions are also measured at distances extending outside the jet radius of R=0.4.
        Speaker: Akshat Puri (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 16:45 Measurement of Higgs bosons decaying to Tau lepton pairs and Constraints on Anomalous HVV couplings 10'
        In 2017 CMS was the first experiment to observe the Higgs boson in its decay to Tau Leptons. Now, using 35.9 1/fb of data collected by CMS from proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider in 2016, this channel is used to search for anomalous couplings in the production of the Higgs. The search is performed using the Matrix Element Likelihood Analysis (MELA) method to constrain four different types of anomalous couplings. The final limit makes use of an advanced 2 dimensional fit technique and results, so far, remain consistent with the Standard Model. The analysis is described and plans for the future, which include implementation of a machine learning algorithm for improved event selection, are presented.
        Speaker: Samuel Lloyd Higginbotham (Princeton University)
        Material: Slides powerpoint file pdf file
      • 16:55 Why do we care about looking for di-Higgs production? 10'
        In 2012, the LHC experiments discovered a Higgs boson-like particle, however there are still outstanding questions about the Higgs sector. Is this the Standard Model (SM) Higgs? Are there any additional Higgs bosons? Does physics Beyond the SM exist? In this talk I will explain how studying di-Higgs production can provide a unique window into these questions, as well as insight into electroweak symmetry breaking. I will also discuss the current status and future prospects of searching for di-Higgs production at ATLAS.
        Speaker: Tyler James Burch (Northern Illinois University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 17:05 Search for Vector boson scattering of WZ boson pairs 10'
        Production of massive vector bosons via vector boson scattering provides a direct probe of the self-interactions of the massive vector bosons, which are intimately connected to the Higgs-Englert-Brout mechanism of EW symmetry breaking. A search for vector boson scattering of W and Z bosons has recently been performed by the CMS experiment using data collected in 2016. I will present this search as well as cross section measurements of WZ+2 jet events, which are less dependent on theoretical inputs.
        Speaker: Kenneth David Long (Univ. of Wisconsin)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 17:15 Natural SUSY on Trial: Status of Higgsino Searches with the ATLAS Detector 10'
        Natural supersymmetry has earned a unique focus in LHC search efforts, in part due to its solution to the hierarchy problem. Minimizing fine tuning in this solution leads to light Higgs superpartners, known as higgsinos, with many predictions of their masses well within LHC reach. In order to also provide a valid dark matter candidate, the lightest three higgsinos are expected to have small mass splittings between them. While this “compressed” mass spectrum is well-motivated, such scenarios produce very little missing energy and thus are experimentally challenging. Here, these challenges and the idea of naturalness are used as a lens to interpret the first higgsino sensitivity with ATLAS and discuss future search prospects. 
        Speaker: Ms. Julia Gonski (Harvard University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
    • 17:30 - 18:45 Careers panel
    • 19:30 - 21:30 Banquet at Two Brothers Roundhouse
  • Friday, October 26, 2018
    • 09:00 - 09:25 HEP visit to DC (Gov't Relations report) 25'
      Speakers: Yangyang Cheng (Cornell University), Dr. Yangyang Cheng (Cornell University)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 09:30 - 10:30 Young Physicists' Lightning Round Session 4: Connection to CERN: https://indico.cern.ch/event/765503/
      • 09:30 Current and future searches for direct stau slepton production in the all-hadronic final state at CMS 10'
        Two recent searches for new physics from the CMS experiment are shown.
        The first of which is a search for direct production of the tau slepton production in pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analysed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb−1 collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 41.3 fb−1 collected in 2017. The search is performed using events with two hadronically decaying tau leptons and a significant imbalance in the measured transverse momentum of the event.
        The second search uses similar techniques to analyse direct production of stau sleptons with the CMS Phase II detector at the LH-LHC. This future new physics study assumes the collection of 3000 fb−1 of proton-proton collision data produced at a center-of-mass energy of 14 TeV.
        Speaker: Mr. Owen Colegrove (UCSB)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 09:40 ATLAS ttH measurements in the H-> gamma gamma channel 10'
        Higgs production in association with top quarks (ttH) is predicted by the Standard Model at a rate of about 1% of the total Higgs cross section. This process directly probes the Higgs-top coupling, a critical parameter for isolating Beyond the Standard Model contributions to Higgs physics. The ATLAS search for ttH events in conjunction with the decay H → γγ takes advantage of the high photon detection efficiency and energy resolution of the ATLAS electro-magnetic calorimeter, as well as the relatively low rate of diphoton background processes. The application of sophisticated multivariate techniques to identify ttH → γγ events improves the sensitivity to ttH compared to past analyses. In combination with other Higgs decay channels, ttH → γγ contributed to the recent discovery of the ttH production mode. 
        Speaker: Jennet Dickinson (UC Berkeley/LBL)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 09:50 Dark Photons at LHCb 10'
        The possibility that dark matter particles may interact via unknown forces, felt only feebly by Standard Model particles, has motivated substantial effort to search for dark-sector forces, the dark photon being a promising candidate. Its motivation, LHCb search results, and current limits will be presented.
        Speakers: Constantin Weisser (MIT), Mr. Constantin Weisser (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 10:00 A data driven search for non-resonant features in the dilepton spectra at ATLAS 10'
        The ATLAS experiment is conducting a search for high mass resonant and non-resonant features in dilepton (ee, mumu) spectra using the full Run-2 dataset. Models with new contact interactions (CI) and large extra dimensions (ADD) can manifest themselves as a slight enhancement in the high mass tail of the spectrum. The challenge is to develop a background model that can constrain the shape of the tail, and still provide sensitivity to new features. We present a data driven strategy designed to search for such features. The method has been optimized for sensitivity to CI, but it is sensitive to a wide variety of models
        and features.
        Speaker: Aaron White (University of Michigan)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 10:10 Probing new physics through exotic Higgs boson decays to a pair of light bosons 10'
        Exotic decays of the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson provide a unique window for the discovery of new physics, as the Higgs may couple to hidden-sector states that do not interact under the SM gauge transformations.  Models predicting exotic Higgs decays to additional light bosons appear in many extensions to the SM and can explain several unknowns in physics, such as the nature of dark matter and the existence of supersymmetry. These type of searches also provide many exciting experimental aspects, including soft (low energy) leptons and jets, final states with triggering challenges, and jet merging at low energy scales. This talk will focus on the h->aa->2b2mu search to illustrate some solutions to these challenges and present an outlook for future ATLAS searches in this extended light boson sector.
        Speaker: Christopher Hayes (Stony Brook University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 10:20 Jet-associated deuteron production in pp collisions at 13 TeV with ALICE at the LHC 10'
        The production of deuterons in high-energy collisions is particularly sensitive to the space and time evolution of the system, as well as the baryon production and transport mechanisms. Recent ALICE measurements of spectra and anisotropic flow of (anti-)deuterons provide insight into the production mechanisms of particles in heavy-ion collisions thanks to a critical comparison with the available theoretical approaches: coalescence and hydrodynamic models. We present new preliminary results on deuteron-jet correlations from pp collisions at 13 TeV to complement these findings. The measured jet-associated yields of (anti-)deuterons will be also compared to theoretical predictions in the context of a baryon coalescence model.
        Speaker: Brennan Schaefer (Oak Ridge National Lab)
        Material: Slides pdf file
    • 10:30 - 11:00 Coffee Break
    • 11:00 - 11:25 Supporting young physicists (Quality of Life committee; ACCU) 25'
      Speaker: Viviana Cavaliere (Brookhaven National Lab)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 11:30 - 11:50 DOE office of HEP perspective 20'
      Speaker: Dr. Thomas LeCompte (US Department of Energy)
      Material: Slides powerpoint file
    • 11:50 - 12:10 DOE office of NP perspective 20'
      Speaker: Dr. George Fai (DOE)
      Material: Slides powerpoint file
    • 12:10 - 12:30 NSF Office of EPP perspective 20'
      Speakers: Prof. Randal Ruchti Ruchti (National Science Foundation), Prof. Randy Ruchti (University of Notre Dame and National Science Foundation)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 12:30 - 13:30 Lunch
    • 13:30 - 14:30 Young Physicists' Lightning Round Session 3
      • 13:30 Phase-1 Upgrade for the CMS Hadron Endcap Calorimeter 10'
        The CMS hadronic calorimeter (HCAL) employs a plastic-scintillator-based endcap detector. The CMS HCAL Phase 1 upgrade involves installing silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) to measure light from scintillators in the detector. The SiPM signals are digitized by custom readout cards, called QIE cards, using the charge integration and encoder version 11 (QIE11) chip. The QIE cards for the HCAL endcap (HE) were tested and calibrated at FNAL. Then at CERN the QIE cards completed high radiation tests in the CHARM facility and muon/pion energy measurements in testbeam. Finally, the HE readout electronics were installed in CMS in 2018. The HCAL endcaps were calibrated using two Co-60 radiation sources. During physics data-taking in 2018, the HCAL online software (HCOS) configures and monitors the readout electronics to ensure data quality. This talk will summarize the testing, installation and commissioning of the HE Phase 1 upgrade readout system.
        Speaker: Caleb Smith (Baylor University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 13:40 Neutron Irradiation of Silicon Sensors for the Phase 2 Upgrade 10'
        Silicon sensors find application in the phase 2 upgrade of the inner and outer tracker and the endcap calorimeter for CMS. In these locations they will be exposed to a high fluence of charged particles and neutrons. We are using the research reactor at the Rhode Island Nuclear Science Center to expose prototype sensors to neutrons to understand their effect on the performance of the sensors. The talk will discuss the measurement of the neutron flux spectrum of the reactor and the different techniques available for irradiating prototype sensors.
        Speaker: Bjorn Burkle (Brown University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 13:50 Visualizing Electrons in ATLAS 10'
        Efficient and accurate electron reconstruction, identification, and calibration are critical for signal selection and uncertainty reduction in a broad range of ATLAS analyses. Traditionally, electron algorithms are built using physics-motivated, derived variables. This talk explores an alternate method for representing electrons by building images using calorimeter cells.
        Speaker: Savannah Thais (Yale University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 14:00 Measurement of the cross section of top quark pairs in association with a photon in lepton+jets events at sqrt(s) = 13 TeV 10'
        The production cross section of a top quark pair plus a radiated photon is measured during proton-proton collisions at the centre of mass energy of 13 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.86 inverse fb at the LHC, at CERN. The data was recorded by the Compact Muon Solenoid experiment. The signal region is defined by top quark pairs, an isolated lepton, photon, jets from the hadronization of quarks, and missing transverse energy. The photons may be emitted directly from initial state radiation, top quarks as well as from its decay products. An important part of the analysis is calculation of photon purity and photon identification efficiency, which are done using data-driven methods and MC simulation.
        Speaker: Ms. Titas Roy (Florida Institute of Technology)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 14:10 Illuminating the Hbb Discovery at ATLAS with the VBF + photon channel 10'
        After the discovery of the Higgs Boson in 2012 a major goal for Higgs physics is the more precise measurement of its couplings, especially that of its dominant but largely unconstrained decay to bb.  Beyond the importance of this measurement to our understanding of the SM, these constraints also serve as a probe of new physics beyond the SM. This year the ATLAS collaboration leveraged the combined Run 1 and Run 2 datasets and the power of multiple analyses to produce a 5.4 sigma (observed) discovery of Hbb.  In this talk I will discuss the VBF analysis which found a 1.9 sigma (observed) signal strength for Hbb using a 30.6/fb dataset at 13 TeV.  This analysis took advantage of the inclusion of a final state photon to reject QCD background process as well as innovations in bottom quark pT reconstruction to improve the final fit result.
        Speaker: Mr. Jacob Pasner (University of California Santa Cruz)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 14:20 ttH measurement in multi-lepton final state with ATLAS detector 10'
        This talk will focus on the ttH multi-lepton (non hadronic tau) channel. Since these channel is dominated by fake lepton background, data driven method is used in this channel to estimate those event, and with separately estimate norm factor for fakes from difference source, we have a relatively good modeling in the signal region and control region.
        Speaker: Zhi Zheng (University of Michigan)
        Material: Slides pdf file
    • 14:30 - 15:30 Cross-experiment discussion: breakout sessions
      Conveners: Corrinne Mills, Harvey Newman (Caltech)
      • 14:30 Moving to CERN 1h0' ( Black Hole (2NW) )
        Speakers: Ms. Julia Gonski (Harvard University), Darin Acosta (University of Florida)
      • 14:30 Machine Learning 1h0' ( Racetrack (7XO) )
        Speakers: Nhan Tran (FNAL), Sergei Gleyzer (University of Florida)
      • 14:30 Tracking and timing detectors 1h0' ( Snakepit (2NE) )
        Speakers: Lindsey Gray (Fermilab), Jessica Metcalfe (Argonne National Laboratory)
      • 14:30 Diversity and Inclusion 1h0' ( Sunrise (11E) )
        Speakers: Kevin Black, Meenakshi Narain (Brown University), Prof. Meenakshi Narain (Brown University)
    • 15:30 - 16:00 Afternoon Break ( Wilson Hall )
    • 16:15 - 16:40 ATLAS Status and Outlook 25'
      Speaker: Sarah Demers (Yale)
      Material: Slides powerpoint file
    • 16:45 - 17:45 Young Physicists' Lightning Round Session 4
      • 16:45 The LHCb Upstream Tracker upgrade and its off-detector electronics 10'
        The LHCb detector will operate with 40 MHz readout and full-software trigger at higher luminosity, after Phase-1 upgrade. The Upstream Tracker (UT) is a critical part of the upgrade that will increase the data rate and trigger efficiency. In this talk, I will describe the purpose and design of UT, with an emphasis on its off-detector electronics. 
        Speaker: Mr. Zishuo YANG (University of Maryland)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 16:55 RNN Tau Identification within the ATLAS HLT 10'
        Inspired by developments from the Tau Combined Performance group, the Tau Trigger group recently introduced a Recurrent Neural Network architecture to identify HLT tau leptons in place of our previous Boosted Decision Tree architecture. In this talk, I'll summarize the implementation and performance of this new RNN tau identification scheme within the HLT.
        Speaker: Mariel Pettee (Yale University)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 17:05 Search for W Gamma Resonances in proton - proton collisions in 13TeV 10'
        We present a model-independent search for beyond-standard-model heavy resonances decaying into a W boson and a photon. Possible models include charged Higgs, W', and supersymmetric mesons in folded-SUSY. The lepton channel is used as it has lower background and higher sensitivity to still uninvestigated resonance mass ranges. We aim to set cross-section limits through detailed data analysis of CMS 2016-17 run 2 data.
        Speaker: Kak Wong (University of Maryland)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 17:15 Search for resonant t¯t production in proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV 10'
        A search for a heavy resonance decaying into a top quark and antiquark pair is performed using proton-proton collisions at 13 TeV. The search uses the dataset collected with the CMS detector in 2016, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 1/fb. The analysis is split into three exclusive final states and uses reconstruction techniques that are optimized for top quarks with high Lorentz boosts, which requires the use of non-isolated leptons and jet substructure techniques. No significant excess of events relative to the expected yield from standard model processes is observed. Upper limits on the production cross section of heavy resonances decaying to a tt pair are calculated. Limits are derived for a leptophobic topcolor Z' and for Kaluza–Klein excitations of the gluon in the Randall–Sundrum model.
        Speaker: Ms. Bahareh Roozbahani (suny Buffalo)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 17:25 The CMS Outer Tracker Upgrade for the High Luminosity LHC 10'
        The LHC will be upgraded to the High Luminosity (HL-LHC) in the late 2020 to further increase the discovery potential of the machine. During the HL-LHC the instantaneous luminosity will be as high as 7x10^34 cm^−2s^−1 in order to collect 10x more proton-proton collision data than at the LHC. The HL-LHC upgrade will set unprecedented challenges from the point of view of both detector and electronics capabilities and radiation hardness. In order to maintain its physics reach, the CMS detector will be significantly upgraded. The design choices of the new CMS Outer Tracker will be presented along with the ongoing R&D activities.
        Speaker: Fabio Ravera (Fermilab)
        Material: Slides pdf file
      • 17:35 pyhf: pure-Python implementation of HistFactory models with autograd 10'
        The HistFactory p.d.f. template [CERN-OPEN-2012-016] is per-se independent of its implementation in ROOT and it is useful to be able to run statistical analysis outside of the ROOT, RooFit, RooStats framework. pyhf is a pure-python implementation of that statistical model for multi-bin histogram-based analysis and its interval estimation is based on the asymptotic formulas of "Asymptotic formulae for likelihood-based tests of new physics" [arxiv:1007.1727]. pyhf supports modern computational graph libraries such as TensorFlow and PyTorch in order to make use of features such as autodifferentiation and GPU acceleration.
        Speaker: Matthew Feickert (Southern Methodist University)
        Material: Slides link pdf file
    • 18:00 - 18:15 Announcement of lightning round winners 15'
    • 18:15 - 18:30 Closing remarks 15'
      Speakers: Corrinne Mills, corrinne mills (University of Illinois at Chicago)
      Material: Slides pdf file
    • 18:30 - 18:35 Adjourn