Mar 18 – 22, 2021
Stony Brook, NY
US/Eastern timezone

Toward studying photonuclear reactions with active-target TPC

Mar 19, 2021, 1:00 PM
Stony Brook, NY

Stony Brook, NY

Online [US/EST Timezone]
Gaseous Detectors Gaseous Detectors


Mr Mateusz Fila (University of Warsaw)


Stellar evolution modeling requires knowledge of the mechanism and cross-section of nuclear reactions. Given the conditions in the stellar interior, the stellar reactions occur predominantly within relatively narrow energy ranges well below the Coulomb barrier.
For many ($\alpha$,$\gamma$), ($p$,$\gamma$) reactions important for stellar nucleosynthesis the measurement of their cross-sections at the relevant energies is impossible with present experimental conditions. Among these reactions is the $^{12}$C($\alpha$,$\gamma$)$^{16}$O reaction, which determines the carbon to oxygen ratio at the end of stellar helium burning — a paramount importance problem in nuclear astrophysics.
Thanks to the availability of intense, monochromatic $\gamma$-ray beams, to obtain accurate cross-sections at relevant energies, the time-reversal photodisintegration reactions can be investigated instead. Given the time-invariance of the strong and electromagnetic interactions, the cross-sections of ($\alpha$,$\gamma$), ($p$,$\gamma$) reactions can be calculated according to the detailed balance principle from the cross-section of the corresponding time-reversal photodisintegration. The photodisintegration approach has the advantage of larger cross-section, lower background, and different systematic uncertainties.
A detector capable of measuring the low energy products of such photonuclear reactions — an active-target Time Projection Chamber with electronic readout (ELITPC) — is being developed at the University of Warsaw. Full kinematic reconstruction of the charged reaction products will be possible. The flagship experiment of the detector is the measurement of the cross-section of $^{16}$O($\gamma$,$\alpha$)$^{12}$C photodisintegration reaction down to the energy of 1 MeV using $\gamma$-ray beams of HI$\gamma$S, USA and ELI-NP, Romania.
In my talk, I will present the design of the ELITPC detector and describe its experimental program.
Within the ELITPC collaboration, my main contribution is the development of event reconstruction software using classic computer vision algorithms and dedicated detector control system.

Scientific work supported by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education from the funds for years 2019-2021 dedicated to implement the international co-funded project no. 4087/ELI-NP/2018/0, by University of Connecticut under the Collaborative Research Contract no. UConn-LNS_UW/7/2018 and by the National Science Centre, Poland, under Contract no. UMO-2019/33/B/ST2/02176

Primary author

Mr Mateusz Fila (University of Warsaw)


Mikolaj Cwiok (University of Warsaw) Wojciech Dominik (University of Warsaw) Prof. Zenon Janas (University of Warsaw) Artur Kalinowski (University of Warsaw) Magdalena Kuich (University of Warsaw) Chiara Mazzocchi (University of Warsaw) Marcin Zaremba (University of Warsaw) Moshe Gai (University of Connecticut)

Presentation materials