Mar 18 – 22, 2021
Stony Brook, NY
US/Eastern timezone

Recent advancements on the spherical proportional counter instrumentation for NEWS-G

Mar 18, 2021, 2:20 PM
Stony Brook, NY

Stony Brook, NY

Online [US/EST Timezone]
Gaseous Detectors Gaseous Detectors


Ioannis Katsioulas (University of Birmingham)


NEWS-G (New Experiments With Spheres-Gas) is an innovative experiment aiming to shine a light on the dark matter conundrum with a novel gaseous detector, the spherical proportional counter. It uses light gases, such as hydrogen, helium, and neon, as targets, to expand dark matter searches to the 0.05 - 10 GeV/c$^{2}$ mass region. NEWS-G produced its first results with a detector -60 cm in diameter- installed at LSM (France), excluding cross-sections above $4.4・10^{37}$ cm$^2$ for 0.5 GeV/c$^2$ WIMP using neon gas. Currently, a larger detector -140 cm in diameter- is being installed at SNOLAB (Canada) and the commissioning is expected to commence in March 2021, before operation later this year. In this talk, I present developments incorporated in this new detector: a) sensor technologies using resistive materials and multi-anode read-out that allow high gain - high-pressure operation, b) gas purification techniques to remove contaminants (H$_2$O, O$_2$) and radon impurities, c) reduction of ${}^{210}$Pb induced background through copper electroforming methods, d) utilisation of UV-lasers for detector calibration, detector response monitoring and estimation of gas-related fundamental properties, e) field correction electrodes to achieve a homogenous response from the whole detector volume. This next experimental phase of NEWS-G will allow searches for low mass dark matter with unprecedented sensitivity. Finally, ideas on future R&D for spherical proportional counter sensor instrumentation, aiming at high-pressure operation in larger volumes are outlined.

Primary author

Ioannis Katsioulas (University of Birmingham)

Presentation materials